The 3-A Symbol Council representing a cross-section of industry establishes the intended use of a piece of milk handling/processing equipment and then affixes established criteria or standards upon its fabrication and design. This then provides a guide to a manufacturer and fabricator and a legal document.
With the growing importance of effective pollution control, added emphasis has been placed on the Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD). The Environmental Protection Agency uses BOD levels to measure effluent strength and to establish effluent guidelines as required by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. Many municipalities use BOD loads to determine charges and surcharges for industrial users of waste treatment facilities. More importantly, BOD strength is a measure of plant losses during handling and processing of dairy products.
A serving contains no or a physiologically inconsequential amount: <5 calories; <0.5 g of fat; <0.5 g of saturated fat; <5 mg sodium; or <2mg of cholesterol.
A serving (and 50g of food if the serving size is small) contains no more than 40 calories; 3g of fat; 1g of saturated fat and 15% of calories from saturated fat; or 20mg of cholesterol; or 140 mg sodium.
Reduced or Less
A nutritionally altered product contains 25% less of a nutrient or 25% fewer calories than a reference food; cannot be used if the referen