Dairy Foods

How to Taste Ice Cream

    While many folks like to dish out ice cream immediately after getting it from the fridge, it actually is best to take the ice cream out of the freezer and let it sit for about 5-10 minutes. This is called "tempering," a step that helps maximize flavor release and enhance the overall taste. 

Sandiness in Ice Cream

Sandiness has been a defect that has plagued the ice cream manufacturer for many years. In fact it has been a problem ever since it became known that increasing the solids-not-fat content above that found in milk markedly improved the body of ice cream. About the end of World War I the ice cream industry was expanding rapidly and increasing the milk solids was a convenient and economical method of improving the eating quality.

Quality Factors for Ice Cream

Many factors, including the flavor, body and texture, melting quality, color, package, appearance, and influence quality, the overall acceptability of the product by consumers.

100th Anniversary of the Ice Cream Cone

Most ice cream history buffs believe that the originator of this beloved frozen treat is one Ernest A. Hamwi, a Syrian who'd been a sailor but as an American immigrant had a waffle stand at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair (also called the Louisiana Purchase Exposition). Following is a popular version of the story:

David Jacks and Monterey Jack Cheese

David Jacks (1822-1909)

David Jacks' story begins in Crief, Scotland, located 40 miles northeast of Edinburgh, where he was born in 1822. Letters written to Jacks by his sister years later portray life in Crief as bleak. It is no wonder David Jacks immigrated to America in 1841, at the age of 19, to join his two older brothers who had already established themselves as shopkeepers on Long Island. He ventured out on his own in the mid 1840s, finding employment at Brooklyn's Fort Hamilton, overlooking New York Harbor.

The "True" Story of Monterey Jack Cheese

Who invented Monterey Jack Cheese? Was it David Jacks, the man who lays claim to putting the Jack in jack cheese? Or was it Dona Juana Cota de Boronda? Or Domingo Pedrazziof Carmel Valley? There are other versions and other stories as well and I think that you will be surprised with what you find out.

Food Safety and Cheese

Institute of Food Science and Technology Position Statement

Contaminated cheese has been responsible for outbreaks of food poisoning by several types of bacteria and sporadic cases of illness associated with contaminated cheeses have also been reported. Experience shows that there have probably been many others that were undetected or unreported. Some of these bacteria can cause severe illness with long-term consequences and death. For example, Listeria monocytogenes can cause meningitis and septicemia with up to 30% mortality. Gastroenteritis due to Salmonella spp.

A Brief Description of Cheese in Europe

There are hundreds of varieties of cheese in Europe; some of them are:

Bel Paese
A delicate soft Italian cheese.

Bleu Cheese
A blue, French cheese which is available in different varieties designated by the name of the district where it was made.

The Legend of Monterey Jack Cheese

The California cheese story goes back more than two centuries to the arrival of the Franciscan padres in what is now known as California. The road by which it arrived here goes back as much as 2,000 years.

Butter: Some Technology and Chemistry

The history about the definition and standard for butter in the United States can be traced back to legislation Congress enacted in 1886. Many changes have occurred since that date, leading to the present statutory standard that Congress enacted into law on March 4, 1923:

General Butter Information

History of Butter

Although butter is viewed as a food by today's standards, it has been used for many things, from a cosmetic to a medicine. Historically, those who used butter were seen as wealthy and successful.
The first documented mention of butter making was in the sacred songs of the dwellers of Asiatic India, dating back to 1,500-2,000 years before Christ. The ancient Hebrews referred to butter in the Old Testament, and as a result, they have been credited as the first developers of the art of butter making.